(Updated February 2019)
Updating a home can get pretty expensive. That being said, flowering houseplants can offer an affordable alternative. I love how they perk up a room, instantly providing color and warmth to indoor spaces. Best of all, they can be changed up seasonally or made part of the permanent decor. And houseplants are a whole lot longer lasting than cut flowers.
Growing houseplants is easy provided you follow these 3 essential steps.
1. GIVE YOUR HOUSEPLANTS SOME SUNLIGHT
Regardless of the species, flowering houseplants need at least some concentrated hours of bright to direct sunlight to produce blooms.
Plants need at least some sunlight to flower
Be sure to read the label carefully to determine what kind of sunlight your plant prefers. Then place it in the proper location. Remember, no plant can thrive in a dark corner.
2. PUT YOUR PLANTS ON A WATERING SCHEDULE
Consistent watering makes stronger plants. And flowering houseplants prefer a regular watering schedule. The watering cycle you choose will depend on the kind of plants you have and the level of humidity and amount of light you have in your home.
Plants need water
For instance, some flowering houseplants prefer to have a good soak and then dry out slightly between waterings. This allows them to properly absorb both water and nutrients. Conversely, others like to be kept consistently moist. It may take some experimenting to determine what works best in your home. Either way, good drainage holes are key.
Whatever your watering schedule, always add just enough water to the pot to allow a small amount to run out from the bottom. This will ensure the roots are well saturated. In addition, it will help wash away salts and fertilizers that have built up in the soil.
Good drainage is key
Most importantly, never leave your plant sitting in water. This will lead to root rot and ultimately the death of your houseplant.
3. FEED YOUR HOUSEPLANTS REGULARLY
Unlike plants grown outdoors in soil, indoor plants are confined to the pot. That means it’s up to you to provide all their water and nutrients. Feeding your houseplants not only helps them produce more blooms, but also wards of indoor pests and diseases. I use a balanced liquid fertilizer mixed with tap water every other week.
Plants need food to flower
At the same time, certain species such as African violets, orchids and dwarf citrus trees will prefer their own special blend, so check with your local plant store to see which products best meet your needs.
Following are 12 top flowering houseplants for easy-care blooms indoors.
Adaptable to just about every environment, African violets are one of the easiest houseplants to grow. Moreover, there are hundreds of varieties to choose from. The fuzzy-leaved plant performs best in evenly moist soil and indirect sunlight.
Water African violets at the soil surface, taking care not to moisten the leaves. Or, allow the plant to wick up water from a saucer. Never allow your plant to remain standing in water, however, or the roots may be damaged. African violets grow better in smaller pots.
This beautiful succulent with orange, yellow and red flowers has long lasting flowers and attractive, oval-shaped fleshy foliage. The plant naturally blooms indoors during winter and early spring.
Kalanchoes prefer bright light, but will burn in full sun. Proper drainage is key. Use a loose potting soil containing peat moss, perlite and sand and place pebbles at the bottom of the pot to guard against standing water. And never place a kalanchoe near a draft or cold window.
Jasminum polyanthum is the most common variety of jasmine grown indoors. A fragrant plant with showy white blooms, it grows best near a south-facing window. Cool temperatures are essential to encouraging buds to form, which typically open indoors in February.
Grow jasmine in evenly moist soil and prune regularly to keep the vigorous plant in bounds. Repot in the spring, trimming the roots before repotting with fresh soil.
OXALIS (Purple Clover)
Often called shamrock for its purple, shamrock-shaped leaves, oxalis is a small indoor plant that grows to a height of around six inches. The delicate white or soft pink flowers bloom off and on during fall, winter and spring. And the leaves fold up at night only to open again in the morning.
Oxalis grows from tiny bulbs in the soil that can be divided at any time. Water your plant when the potting soil is dry to the touch or if you observe the stems starting to droop. Look for exotic varieties for best indoor performance.
This beautiful flowering houseplant loves holidays. There are Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter varieties, some of which can be encouraged to re-bloom. The buds start forming a month before blooms and darken as they swell. And the flowers come in a wide variety of colors including, red, pink, orange, purple, orange and cream.
Christmas Cactus likes bright, indirect light and cool temperatures. Keep it away from drafts and heat sources that can stunt growth and burn leaves. Unlike desert cacti, these tropical cacti cannot tolerate dry soil. Keep the potting soil evenly moist for best growth. And water only when the top inch of the soil has dried out.
ANTHURIUM (Flamingo Flower)
The heart-shaped ‘flower’ of anthurium is actually a modified leaf that grows from the base of a fleshy spike of flowers. The most common indoor variety is Painter’s Palette, which features long-lasting blooms (usually red) and glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves.
Anthuriums grow best in medium to bright light (avoid direct sunlight, however.) Keep the potting soil constantly moist and for best results, use tepid water. A consistently warm temperature is key to achieving good growth.
Often thrown away after they quit flowering, gloxinias can become great houseplants with proper care. Best known for their large bell-shaped blooms, the dramatic plants come in a wide variety of colors, including varieties with bands and/or white speckles. By contrast, the oblong, fuzzy leaves are a soft gray green.
Gloxinias prefer warm temperatures, evenly moist soil and high humidity (supplement humidity with an humidifier or tray with pebbles and water). As with African violets, it’s important to keep water off of the foliage to avoid brown spot.
Unlike African violets, gloxinias require a period of rest in order to bloom again. Once flowers fade, reduce watering to about half and resume regular watering when new growth appears.
There are hundreds of varieties of this beautiful plant to choose from, most of which will produce indoor blooms all year long. Foliage varies among green, silver, variegated or maroon. And flowers come in a variety of colors, including red, pink, white and yellow.
All begonias prefer medium to bright light and evenly moist soil. However, they can become leggy fast without proper care. To prevent this from happening, keep your plants in shape by following these simple pruning techniques.
Angel-Wing begonia is so-named for the shape of its leaves that resemble wings. Numerous cultivars exist in different sizes with different leaf colors and red, pink or white blossoms. Angel-Wing begonias are some of the easiest begonias to grow indoors. Pinch back tall stems to keep the plant bushy.
Rieger begonia is a winter-blooming variety with clusters of camellia-like blossoms in fiery colors of red, yellow and orange atop glossy green leaves.
The popular (outdoor) bedding plant, wax begonia can also be grown indoors. Varieties feature red, pink or white flowers atop waxy green foliage. The plant needs good air circulation to thrive.
PHALAENOPSIS ORCHID (Moth Orchid)
Arguably the most recognizable of all the orchid varieties, the easy-to-grow Phalaenopsis produces flowers that can sometimes last up to three months. The long sprays of large blooms flourish indoors under normal light and prefer the same temperatures that humans do.
Place the plant in indirect sunlight and water once a week, making sure the soil remains moist just under the soil surface. Be careful not to overwater or the flowers will wilt and fall off. Good drainage is essential to guard against root rot. After the last flower finishes blooming, cut the stalk in half and wait to see if the plant re-blooms.
SILVER VASE PLANT (Urn Plant)
Silver vase plant is a type of bromeliad that is grown both indoors and outdoors depending on the climate. The common name comes from the structure of the plant, the center of which resembles an urn or vase. The plant produces a large pink spiky-shape flower above stiff, silver and green foliage. It grows to around six inches.
Low-maintenance, silver vase plant requires bright light and periodic watering (every 2-3 weeks), which involves filling the “vase” (not the potting soil) with water.
KAFFIR LILY (Orange Clivia Miniata)
A member of the amaryllis family, the Kaffir lily can be forced into bloom in winter or early spring indoors. It bears clusters of up to 20 reddish-orange tubular flowers with yellow centers above glossy green leaves. The plant is also available in red, peach, yellow and white varieties.
Kaffir lilies need cool and dry temperatures for 6 to 8 weeks in fall in order to bloom. Water sparingly until the bloom appears (keeping the soil on the dry side), then increase watering midwinter. Place in bright light, but keep away from direct sun.
CALAMONDIN ORANGE (For experts only)
The Calamondin Orange is actually a hybrid between a mandarin orange and kumquat. The dwarf citrus tree has woody stems covered with oval, glossy green leaves that give off a citrusy aroma. In late winter or early spring, fragrant white blossoms appear followed by fruits that may stay on the plant for many weeks. Once ripe, the fruits can be harvested and used like lemons.
Calamondin grow best in a small container. Plants won’t re-bloom if they are potted in a container that is too large. Make sure there are good drainage holes in the bottom of the container to protect against root rot. Place the tree in bright light, with at least four hours of direct sunlight a day. Rotate the plant a quarter turn each week to promote even growth. Fertilize with a good organic fruit tree fertilizer.