12 Best Dogwoods for First Time Owners

As a landscape designer, I find people are often surprised when I bring up dogwood shrubs. This isn’t because they aren’t beautiful – on the contrary. But rather that many people are unaware that the dogwood family includes not just woody trees, but also a group of flowering shrubs with stunning attributes. Expanding your dogwood repertoire, in fact, can add not just spring, but all year interest to a home garden.

Below are a few popular species guaranteed to light up your landscape.


American dogwood blooms before the leaves

In the eastern United States, spring wouldn’t be spring without the magnificent American dogwood, Cornus florida. Blooming in late April, this small, deciduous tree produces a profusion of petal-like bracts in shades of creamy white, pink and nearly red. The “flowers”, which appear before the leaves, are followed by bright red fruit known as drupe. In fall, the foliage turns a deep maroon.

In the late 1970s, many American dogwoods were stricken by anthracnose, a fungal disease that causes tan blotchy leaf spots and eventual death of infected leaves and twigs. Today’s hybrids, however, exhibit great disease resistance.

Some of my favorites are: Cherokee Brave with its deep pink flowers and white centers, the large-flowered  Cherokee Princess, and the white-flowering, slightly scented Fragrant Cloud.

Fun fact: You can identify an American dogwood in the winter by its turban-shaped end buds.


Kousa dogwood blooms above the leaves

Also known as Chinese or Japanese dogwood, Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), produces a brilliant array of star-like white petals in late spring above its foliage. Its bloom period follows the American dogwood, making it a great seque into summer. In summer, its layered branches hang heavy with dark green leaves that turn purple to red in fall. And in winter, the tree’s sculptural, multi-branched form adds interest, as does its exfoliating bark that turns mottled tan and grey over time.

Some great varieties to try: Temple Jewel (also called Satomi) has variegated lime green and gold leaves and white flowers, Welchii produces variegated green, cream white and pink leaves, Stellar Pink produces massive displays of light pink flowers, and the smaller-size Wolf Eyes is a white-flowering cultivar with narrow, variegated light green and white leaves. 


Unusual flowers and horizontal branching make Pagoda a stand-out

In contrast to the American and Japanese dogwoods’ rounded shapes, the Pagoda dogwood, Cornus alternifolia, has layered branches and a flat crown that resemble a pagoda. Multi-stemmed, this deciduous shrub eventually develops into a small tree with proper pruning. A stunning variegated-leaved variety is Argentea.


Yellow flowers distinguish this dogwood variety

Not to be confused with the cherry species, Cornus mas is a large shrub or small tree that is one of the earliest woody plants to flower. Instead of white or pink flowers, however, it produces yellow blooms in early spring before the leaves appear. The fruits, which turn cherry red in mid-summer are edible. In fact, you can use them to make liquors, jams, desserts and sauces. Unlike other cultivars, however, the Cornelian cherry’s fall color is not very showy.


Full sun turns red twig dogwood branches scarlet

The medium-sized deciduous shrub red twig dogwood, Cornus sericea, Cornus stolonifera or Cornus alba, was made for winter. Also known as red osier dogwood, its stems start turning red at the end of the summer, gradually brightening until becoming scarlet red in winter. The stems return to green in the spring.

Red twig dogwood can bear either dark green or variegated leaves depending on the variety. The foliage turns various shades of red or orange in the fall. The red bark, however, is not fully visible until the leaves have fallen. This is a big shrub, so give it plenty of room to grow. When stems come into contact with the ground they root, making it a great hedgerow or screen plant.

Check out C. alba ‘Argenteo-Marginata’ for it green leaves with white edges or C. alba ‘Hessei’ with it deep green crinkled leaves and dark purple fall color.


Yellow twig dogwood 

The multi-stemmed cultivar of the red twig dogwood, yellow twig dogwood has greenish yellow stems. The twigs and upper leaf surfaces sport silky hairs, hence the Latin name sericea, meaning silky.

During the spring and summer, yellow twig dogwoods produce dark green foliage over greenish-yellow stems, a nice background plant for a garden border. In late spring, clusters of creamy white flowers are followed by pinkish-white berries. But the fall is when these shrubs really shine, as their foliage turns reddish orange, and the stems take on a golden hue.


Dogwood can be a ground cover, too!

Canadian bunchberry, Cornus canadensis, grows to just 6 to 12 inches. A part-shade lover, it grows by rhizomes and produces glossy, dark-green leaves with distinctive veining. In the late spring, bunchberry is covered with white flowers followed by red fruits in late summer, which are edible. In the fall, its leaves turn brilliant shades of red and purple.

Caring for Dogwoods

Though dogwoods require little to no maintenance, over time they may need some pruning to keep them in bounds, especially in smaller landscapes where the shrubs can become leggy and less attractive with age.

Dogwoods can thrive in sun or part shade, but to get the best color out of your dogwood shrubs branches, full sun works best. 

Mistletoe: The Poisonous Plant We Hang At Christmas

For centuries, people have hung mistletoe as a symbol of love and romance. But sadly, the plant doesn’t harbor the same feelings. Why?  Because mistletoe contains a Christmas cocktail of toxins that when ingested can harm humans and pets. I advise keeping it out of reach if you’re planning on hanging it this season. Continue reading

New Hybrids Promise To Rock Your Poinsettia World


In the United States, December 12 is National Poinsettia Day, a time to honor a plant that has become symbolic of the holiday season. And while not everyone’s a fan, it’s hard not to marvel at the species’ growing popularity. Poinsettias have come a long way since they were first brought to the U.S. by Joel Roberts Poinsett. Back then, they were celebrated for their brilliant red color. These days, poinsettia hybrids come in every shade of white, pink, orange and even blue. Continue reading

Feed The Birds: 10 Plants With Great Winter Seedheads

Once their petals fade, cut flowers tend to end up in the garbage. But outside, it’s a different story. Not only do dried blooms enhance a garden, but their seedheads provide food to birds and wildlife. And those two reasons alone should make us think twice before cutting our plants back for winter. Continue reading

Aster Flowers: Your Guide To Who’s Who In The Family

One of the many things I love about late summer are the throngs of colorful, star-shaped flowers that pop up all over the landscape. Most of us are familiar with the yellow ones (sunflowers). But did you know that the same family also produces flowers in purple, red, pink and white? These plants are all part of the Aster family, Asteraceae, the largest and most diverse group in the plant kingdom. Continue reading

D.C. In Bloom: The Story of Our Nation’s Cherry Trees

Having lived in Washington, D.C. for decades, I’ve come to mark spring by the blooming of the cherry trees around the Tidal Basin. And due to this long-lived tradition, I am an avid observer of the weather. Some years, I’ve donned a heavy jacket to see the flowers. Other times, I’ve worn shorts. Still other years, fickle spring winds have spelled the early demise of the delicate pink blossoms.

To avoid the crowds, we always arrive early on the National Mall. And by early, I mean right after sunrise. By 8:00 am, there are usually thousands of people already snapping pictures under the fluffy pink canopy. It is estimated that more than 1,500,000 visitors descend on the National Mall each year to take in the magnificent blossoms. Continue reading