The distinctive rosette of ornamental kale
Long before it became a trending food, flowering kale was a garden star, delivering a pop of color to fall’s graying landscape. The plant is not only prized for its striking foliage and rosette, it’s also one of only a few species that thrives in cold weather. Indeed, flowering kale likes cold temperature so much it often stays attractive well into winter. This makes it the perfect choice for fall gardens and containers.
Is it ornamental cabbage or kale?
Things can get confusing at the nursery. Although they belong to the same family, cabbage and kale are not the same. Cabbage is a multi-layered vegetable whose leaves come together to form a head.
Cabbage head growing in the garden
In contrast, kale has an upright cluster of leaves called a rosette.
That being said, you will generally find ornamental varieties with broad, fat leaves labeled as ‘cabbage’ and those with ruffled, crinkled or curled leaves labeled as ‘kale’ at the store.
Born to be beautiful
Selectively bred to produce spectacular leaves and rosettes, flowering kale comes in all shapes and sizes. The outer leaves are typically blue-green in tone. And the rosettes start out pale green, then gradually shift to shades of pink, red, purple, or cream depending on variety. The florets expand as temperatures cool, .
The distinctive, blue-green outer leaves of flowering kale
In recent years, innovations in color and form have made ornamental kale a ‘must-have’ in fall gardens. The new hues work beautifully with chrysanthemums, pot marigolds and pansies. And the variety in sizes makes it perfectly suited to just about every container.
Flowering kale rosette featuring ruffled edges
Flowering kale usually reaches its crescendo just after the first frost. However, some plants maintain their intensity all the way until spring.
Ornamental kale and cabbage require very little maintenance and are bothered by few pests. Plants prefer moist, well-drained soil and benefit from feeding. For the best color, plant your specimens in full sun.
Since there won’t be much top growth after September, look for plants around the one gallon size. Keep spacing tight (10 to 12 inches) to encourage the rosettes to remain small. Over time, plants generally attain a width of approximately 12 inches.
The most popular varieties
Here are some of the most popular varieties:
Redbor has narrow, upright deep purple, ruffled leaves. It is the tallest kale grown and can reach a height of 3 feet. Use it by itself in a parterre garden, or try massing it behind annuals like chrysanthemums, pansies and violas in contrasting colors.
Purple-leaved Redbor kale
Peacock series ornamental kale are large, open and frilly plants that can reach 2 feet across. They feature deeply serrated, feather-like leaves and cream or red-toned centers. Extremely cold hardy, they can survive even the harshest of winters.
Deeply serrated, feather-like leaves distinguish Peacock kale
Pigeon Series (Pigeon Pink and Pigeon Red Pigeon Purple and Pigeon White) ornamental kale most closely resembles cabbage with its tight rosettes of light pink, dark red or creamy white. The round-shaped plants have wavy outer leaves that remain medium to dark green while the flower-like centers change color. I’ll often combine different colors to form geometric patterns.
The tight rosettes of ornamental kale ‘Pigeon Series’
Osaka Pink, Osaka White and Osaka Red are often termed ornamental cabbage due to their smooth, flat leaves and tightly-packed rosettes. The plants produce layers of wavy edged green leaves while the florets gradually change to bright purple, pink or cream.
Osaka series ornamental kale has flat green leaves like cabbage
Ideas for designing with flowering kale
Due to its wide range of sizes, flowering kale looks equally good mixed with other flowers or all on its own in a single container. Below is a parterre garden I created using two broad-leaved varieties.
Parterre with two different varieties of ornamental kale/herebydesign.net
The tall, frilly purple and green varieties and the broadleaf Osaka make a contrasting statement in large containers. In this planter box, the trailing ends of bright green lysimachia soften the mix.
The Impatient Gardener/Pinterest
In this small container, I’ve combined ornamental ‘cabbage’ with violas and Swedish ivy. The greenish-purple kale complements the colors of the dusty red pot.
Fall container with ornamental kale/herebydesign
In this formal urn, I played up the drama using tall grasses as a centerpiece. Then I added different varieties of red and green flowering kale, purple violas and mahogany-toned potato vine to create a warm-toned composition.
Fall container with grasses, flowering kale and potato vine/herebydesign
Since ornamental kale retains its color well into winter, it also pairs beautifully with evergreen branches, pinecones and catkins to form stunning holiday arrangements.
Photo: Canadian Gardening/Pinterest.com
In the garden, deep purple varieties like Redbor pair beautifully with salmon chrysanthemums and straw-colored grasses. The maiden grasses’s creamy plumes add a delicate touch.
Photo: Hoosier Gardener/Pinterest.com
Finally, when combining flowering kales with other plants, think about varying the foliage. Here, purple fountain grass and lime green potato vine provide color. And the frilly purple variety lends contrast.
Photo: Three Dogs In A Garden/Pinterest.com
Ready to get started? Check out your local nursery for the newest varieties. And don’t be afraid to combine them with other cool-season companions like evergreen branches, dried flower heads, catkins and berries. These fillers will add interest to your containers and help pump up the volume.