Top Plants for Creating A Year-Round Fragrant Garden

Rose pink

Last year, I was walking along a side street in Lima in what for me is usually winter when suddenly, a sweet fragrance came floating across the balmy January air. For a moment I was taken aback, until I realized the smell was none other than the scent of roses. And, turning the corner there they were; masses of creamy flowers floating atop greenish-grey shrubs beckoning to me from amidst a lovely, fragrant garden.

Aromatic plants stimulate the senses in a variety of ways; they can evoke powerful memories, stir emotions and provide an overall sense of well-being.  What would spring be without the sweet smell of lilacs, the spicy aroma of Korean spice bush or the scent of hyacinths? Or summer without roses? The power of fragrance cannot be overstated.

lilac bush 2

Fragrance has always played an essential role in the garden. And now, in a growing trend, it is being recognized as a quality worth cultivating all on its own. A fragrant garden is a new style of garden that is adding an exciting dimension to gardening. When carefully choreographed, the gradual release of scent over time can enhance our outdoor experience. It can also deepen our appreciation for the individual plants in our garden.

 

Choosing a site

A fragrant garden can perform many functions. First and foremost, it can alter our mood, affecting us in different ways depending on our own tastes and experiences. For many people, a deliberate combination of certain aromas can bring peace and relaxation, especially when the garden is planted next to a patio, on or around a pergola or surrounding a garden seat where it can be quietly appreciated.

wisteria

Another great location for a fragrant garden is under a window (especially when it contains herbs.) Here, its proximity to the house can make harvesting plants easy at the same time it allows their aromas to lift up and carry indoors.

flowers under a window

Often, a small-sized fragrant garden can have a big impact when planted alongside a garden path. As people brush against the scented plants, they release their smells unexpectedly, making for a powerful experience.

garden path

Whatever location you select, make sure to choose a sunny, but sheltered site. Enclosed spaces work best because they protect delicate blossoms while concentrating their individual scents, heightening the impact of the garden.

 

Composition

A well-designed fragrant garden follows the same format as the perennial garden: that is, it should consist of a mix of tall, medium and low-growing plants that complement each other. When creating your garden, make sure to plan for a staged succession of blooms that balances fragrance along with leaf shape, texture and flower colors. Never concentrate on just one scent, which can quickly become overpowering and detract from the overall interest of the garden.

white jasmine

Jasmine

Choose taller, scented shrubs as a backdrop to your fragrant garden, or select just one as an anchor. Site medium-sized plants forward of the shrubs and save low-growing sweet-scented perennials, annuals and herbs for the front of the garden.

 

What to plant

Following is a list of the top shrubs, perennials, annuals and herbs known for their intoxicating scents. Depending on the size of your garden, you can choose one or a few from each list to create your own custom mix of smells. Remember to plan for a succession of bloom times, which will keep your fragrant garden going all season long. (Click on the links to learn more about each plant.)

 

Shrubs

Lilac, Syringa cultivars

Korean spice bush, Viburnum carlesii

Mock Orange, Philadelphus  ‘Belle Etoile’

Gardenia cultivars

Daphne x transatlantica ‘Blafra’  Eternal Fragrance

Sweet Olive, Osmanthus fragrans ‘Fudingzhu’

Winter Honeysuckle, Lonicera fragrantissima

Camellia, Camellia sasanqua, Camellia lutchuensis hybrids

Vines

Jasmine, Jasminum

Sweet Autumn Clematis, Clematis paniculata

Wisteria

 

Perennials

Chocolate Cosmos, Cosmos atrosanguineus

Hosta ‘Honeybells’Hosta plantaginea

Lemon lilyHemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Lily of the Valley, Convallaria majalis

Peony

Dianthus

Scented Geranium, Pelargonium crispum ‘Prince Rupert’

Heliotrope, Heliotropium arborescens

 

Annuals

Nasturtium

Pot Marigold, Calendula officinalis

Sweet Peas

Sweet Alyssum, Lobularia maritima

 

Herbs

Lavender, Lavendula x intermedia Provence

Rosemary

Mint

Thyme

Pineapple Sage, Salvia elegans

 

 

Bulbs

Hyacinths

Jonquilla daffodils

 

Want to learn more? Check out this great book by Rosemary Verey, “The Scented Garden,” my go-to- reference for all fragrant plants and how to combine them into beautiful compositions.

 

Leave a Reply